It is best applied at sites with shallow contamination of organic, nutrient or metal pollutants that are amenable to one of the five applications. Heavy metal, soils, contamination, phytoremediation 1. Phytoremediation is currently gaining momentum in india. The results are promising with some metals down 50% in a year. Dec 25, 2017 role of phytoremediation in treating heavy metal pollution. Review phytoremediation of heavy metals and study of the. Bioprospecting local ferns for phytoremediation of heavy.
Review phytoremediation of heavy metals and study of the metal coordination by xray absorption spectroscopy jorge l. May 11, 2020 the use of plants for the removal of heavy metals from soil and water offers a wide range of advantages. Titled phytoremediation of metals, the patent disclosed a method to remove metal ions from soil using plants. Phytoremediation uses plants by several methods to contain or clean up heavy metals. Use of phytoremediation and biochar to remediate heavy metal. The success of phytoremediation or phytomining depends on the availability of plant species ideally those native to the region of interest able to tolerate and accumulate high concentrations of heavy metals baker and whiting, 2002. Forumusing superplants to clean up our environment phytoremediation is an innovative use of green plants to clean up our environment. Jun 29, 2015 phytoremediation 4 phytoremediation consists of mitigating pollutant concentrations in contaminated soils, water, or air, with plants able to contain, degrade, or eliminate metals, pesticides, solvents,explosives, crude oil and its derivatives, and various other contaminants from the media that contain them. Phytoremediation of heavy metalcontaminated soil by. Phytoremediation of heavy metalsconcepts and applications. Among the heavy metals chromium was the most preferred and among the non toxic ones, iron was the highly absorbed metal. Phytoremediation is still poorly developed, particularly the phytoextraction of heavy metals.
As willow has some specific characteristics like high transport capacity of heavy metals from root to shoot,huge amount of biomass production, can use also for production of bio energy in the biomass energy power plant. Phytoremediation is a green technology with good public perception. Heavy metals can create stressful conditions to the plants and their growth becomes limited or impossible and this can influence the phytoremediation. In the present study, an attempt to have a comparative assessment of the efficiency of aquatic weeds like typha latifolia, eichhornia crassipes, salvinia molesta and pistia stratiotes to treat the effluents under. Heavy metals are removed from soil by moving up into plant roots, stems, and leaves. Heavy metals are among the most important sorts of contaminant in the environment. Phytoremediation is one of the safer, economical, and environmentfriendly techniques in which plants are used to recover polluted soils. A key to improved phytoremediation of heavy metal pollution lies in research seeking for a better understanding of the mechanisms of heavy metal resistancetolerance in plants. The ferns showed preferential absorption of some heavy metals. The sources of various heavy metals are listed in table table1.
Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by ann mary mathew paperback, march 20, 2006 this study evaluated phytoremediation to remove heavy metals such as arsenic, cadmium, lead and zinc, from a smelter site located in oklahoma. However, metal phytoavailability is a complex phenomenon that is dependent on a cascade of related factors 53. Onemajor factor responsible for the high recommendation of the use of phytoremediation in the tropics, is the average climatic condition of those places 35. Alternatively, they can be burned for energy, which allows metals to be recovered and recycled. In the present study, an attempt to have a comparative assessment of the efficiency of aquatic weeds like typha latifolia, eichhornia crassipes, salvinia molesta and pistia stratiotes to treat the effluents under laboratory conditions. Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated and polluted soils. Phytoremediation approaches for metals unlike organic contaminants, metals cannot be degraded. The plant is then harvested and disposed of and the site replanted until heavy metals in the. This onsite cleanup is less disruptive to peoples lives and to the environment compared to excavating and disposing contaminated soils elsewhere.
Study on application of phytoremediation technology in. Some plants can accumulate remarkable levels of heavy metals. Parsonsb a environmental science and engineering ph. Phytoremediation of heavy metals from soils springerlink. Phytoremediation is a better option for cleanup of metal contaminated sites. Further, biotechnology for developing climateresilient cropsfor producing safer. Present phytoremediation system characteristics that site managers and others might find useful in assessing the potential applicability of phytoremediation to a specific site. Heavy metals have severe toxic effects on plants, animals, and human health, and therefore their remediation. Another benefit of phytoremediation is that it reduces the volume of contaminated material necessary for disposal. Adamu chemistry programme, abubakar tafawa balewa university, bauchi abstract this paper shows result obtained from analysis done on some selected heavy metals accumulated in maize planted in contaminated soil for forty two days. First place student essay phytoremediation of contaminated. The plant protein binds heavy metals and removes them so that plant toxicity does not occur. Abstract phytoremediation under greenhouse condition was investigated as an alternative to clean up an industriallymulticontaminated soil with both petroleum hydrocarbons and heavy metals. The pollutants are then transferred into the stems and leaves of the plant.
Apr 09, 2019 phytoremediation is a costeffective remediation solution for removing pollutants mainly heavy metals and organics from contaminated soils and waters at site level with little disturbance to the landscape 3,4. A b s t r a c t continued industrialization, agricultural practices, and other anthropogenic activities lead to heavy metals contamination. Heavy metal contamination of soil is a major issue in the current scenario. Heavy metals that have been identified in the polluted environment include as, cu, cd, pb, cr, ni, hg and zn. First place student essay phytoremediation of contaminated soils. Environmental contamination can also occur through metal corrosion, atmospheric deposition, soil erosion of metal ions and leaching of heavy metals, sediment re. Unlike organic compounds, metals cannot degrade, andtherefore effective cleanup requires their immobilization to reduce or remove toxicity. The use of plants for the removal of heavy metals from soil and water offers a wide range of advantages. Remediation options for soils contaminated with heavy metals 3.
The aim of this work was to study the ability of three sunflower helianthus annuus cultivars m, h2, and p to absorbdegrade v, ni, cu, pb, benzoa. Toxicity of heavy metals and its management through phytoremediation oct. Types of the method of phytoremediation used depends on the type and amount of pollution, as well as what type of area it is found in. However, combining this technology with the production of saleable products may render the extra time needed for cleanup relatively unimportant. Plants have a more direct effect on contaminant levels via phytoextraction, which concentrates contaminants e. A green technology find, read and cite all the research you need. Advancement in molecular studies will improve efficiency of phytoremediation. The length of time that the soils were exposed to the contaminants affected the levels of heavy metals accumulation. Information is provided on the types of vegetation that have been studied or used in phytoremediation. Phytoremediation has been studied extensively in research and smallscale demonstrations, but fullscale applications are currently limited in number. Dec 24, 2007 heavy metals that have been identified in the polluted environment include as, cu, cd, pb, cr, ni, hg and zn. Assisting phytoremediation of heavy metals using chemical. Some heavy metals such as copper and zinc are removed from the soil by moving up into the plant roots. For heavy metal phytoremediation and phytoextraction in pa rticular, bioavailability of metals in contaminated soils, is a crucial factor regulating heavy metal uptake by plant roots 5052.
The remediation of soils contaminated by heavy metals is a costintensive and technically complex procedure 25. Bioprospecting local ferns for phytoremediation of heavy and. Phytoremediation mechanisms of heavy metal contaminated soils. City atlas youarethecity, in new york, is experimenting with indian mustard, mugwort, basket willow and sunflowers to remediate a contaminated garden. Phytoremediation for heavy metal environmental issues. The term comes from the greek word for plants phyto that can detoxify, or remediate, soil or water contaminated with heavy metals or excess minerals. This is a very relevant course for indian perspective given to the widespread contamination of heavy metals and organic pollutants, particularly arsenic issues in soil and drinking water. Pdf phytoremediation of heavy metals assisted by plant. Some applications rely simply on plants ability to. Pdf phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soils. This technology has been receiving attention lately as an innovative, costeffective alternative to the more established treatment methods used.
Phytoremediation is an emerging technology for cleaning up contaminated sites, which is cost effective, and has aesthetic advantages and long term applicability. Download book pdf heavy metal stress in plants pp 305329 cite as. Phytoremediation of heavy metal polluted soils and water. Several methods already used to clean up the environment from these kinds of contaminants, but most of them are costly and difficult to get optimum results. Conventionally, remediation of heavymetalcontaminated soils involves either. The phytoremediation of metalcontaminated soils offers a lowcost method for soil remediation and some extracted metals may be recycled for value. Show full abstract phytoremediation, which exploits the ability of certain plants to accumulate large amounts of heavy metals. Several species of plants, including radish and mustard, were genetically engineered to express a protein called metallothionein.
Phytoremediation for heavy metal free download as powerpoint presentation. The current remediation technique of heavy metal from contaminated soilwater are expensive, time consuming and environmentally destructive. The presence of any metal may vary from site to site, depending upon the source of individual pollutant. Role of phytoremediation in treating heavy metal pollution. As plants grow, they collect and store metals in stems and or leaves.
So, in our study we tried to enhance the phytoremediation capacity of eichhornia crassipes to treat heavy metals by using electric current. Soils contamination by heavy metals and metalloids has become a serious environmental issue today. Watson environmental, agricultural and analytical chemistry section, chemistry department, university of glasgow, glasgow g12 8qq, uk received 20 august 2002. A number of metals including chromium, iron, arsenic, zinc, cadmium, mercury and copper are known to significantly compromise. Phytoremediation is a technology which can be applied in situ without moving or excavating large amounts of contaminated soil and leaves. Index termschromium, iron, phytoextraction, psoralea pinnata. Recent advances towards improved phytoremediation of heavy. One promising strategy is phytoremediation, the use of plants to uptake heavy metals. Phytoremediation can be used to clean up metals, pesticides, solvents, explosives, crude oil, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, and landfill leachates. Phytoremediation for heavy metal treatment, bring you some principles. Modeling and optimization of phytoremediation kinetics of. Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by psoralea. Cadmium and zinc, using alpine pennycress, a hyperaccumulator of these metals at levels that would be toxic to many plants.
Pdf the current remediation technique of heavy metal from contaminated soil water are expensive, time consuming and environmentally. The harvestable biomass can be disposed of and the site can be replanted to achieve a significant clean up and to insure that the concentration of the heavy metals in soil is lowered to acceptable levels. Phytoremediation of soil multi contaminated with hydrocarbons. Phytoremediation is the natural ability of certain plants to bioaccumulate, degrade, or render harmless contaminants in soils, water, or air. Phytoremediation of heavy metal contaminated soil by. The types of contaminated media and contaminants that are appropriate for phytoremediation are summarized. Phytoremediation is a better option for cleanup of metalcontaminated sites. Cadmium and zinc, using alpine pennycress, a hyperaccumulator of these metals at levels that would. These can be both aqueous and soil based, and pollutants can range from complex organic molecules to heavy metals such as lead, cadmium or zinc table 1 raskin et al.
Phytoremediation for heavy metal removal plants, so called hyperaccumulators are usually used, they take up 100 times the concentration of metals over other plants. We would like to remind the reader that studies on heavy metal pollution are focused on as, cd, cr, hg and pb as they are toxic, nonessential heavy metals, and on cu, ni and zn which, although. May 30, 2019 titled phytoremediation of metals, the patent disclosed a method to remove metal ions from soil using plants. Dec 29, 2011 as willow has some specific characteristics like high transport capacity of heavy metals from root to shoot,huge amount of biomass production, can use also for production of bio energy in the biomass energy power plant.
Phytoremediation of heavy metals from industrial effluent. Areas contaminated with heavy metals commonly are treated by removing the soil up to a specified depth and depositing the soil in a hazardous landfill economic research service, 1996. Phytoremediation 4 phytoremediation consists of mitigating pollutant concentrations in contaminated soils, water, or air, with plants able to contain, degrade, or eliminate metals, pesticides, solvents,explosives, crude oil and its derivatives, and various other contaminants from the media that contain them. Tomato and mustard plants were able to extract different concentrations of each heavy metal from the soils. Phytoremediation is a technology which can be applied in situ without moving or excavating large amounts of contaminated soil and leaves the topsoil in an undisturbed and usable condition 239.
Phytoremediation is an emerging technology that uses various plants to degrade, extract, contain, or immobilize contaminants from soil and water. These plants can be disposed of as hazardous waste. Phytoremediation mechanisms of heavy metal contaminated. Today, many institutions and companies are funding scientific. Phytoremediation is a set of ecological strategies that utilizes plants, in situ, to promote the breakdown, immobilization, and removal of pollutants from the environment 1,2,3.
Sep 09, 2010 the success of phytoremediation or phytomining depends on the availability of plant species ideally those native to the region of interest able to tolerate and accumulate high concentrations of heavy metals baker and whiting, 2002. Research is in progress to screen plants for hyperaccumulation of heavy metals. New methods of cleaning up heavy metal in soils and water. Introduction heavy metals are the major environmental contaminants and pose a severe threat to human and animal health by their longterm persistence in the environment 1. Recent techniques article pdf available in african journal of biotechnology 86. Phytoremediation is also aesthetically pleasing and can be used in conjunction with other cleanup methods. The purpose of this chapter is to highlight the importance of the constructed wetlands especially in the context of growing pollution in developing nations, in general, and kashmir himalayan region of india, in particular, for remediation of heavy metals. Currently, phytoremediation is an effective and affordable technological solution used to extract or remove inactive metals and metal pollutants from. The different forms of phytoremediation are defined and their applications are discussed. Pollution by heavy metals hm represents a serious threat for both the environment and human health. Vangronsveld j, cunningham sd 1999 metalcontaminated soils.
In recent years, scientists and engineers have started to generate cost effective technologies that include use. This method is to increases mobility of metals in soil by application of chelating agents or surfactants, such as citric acid, edta, cdta, dtpa, egta, eddha, and nta, so that the metals can be taken up more easily by. This ebook presents a unique treatment of the topics that have never been comprehensively brought together before in a single advanced reference. Introduction the growth of industrial activity in the last century has. Pdf on jan 1, 2012, p ahmadpour and others published phytoremediation of heavy metals.568 1275 429 541 1270 390 127 1523 1070 271 158 256 544 997 349 60 215 995 1546 176 427 781 1025 1235 721 1175 1587 112 1023 86 1160 1181 936 1142 466 1257 736 883 641 1353 671 45